20 years ago, during early 1990's a study conducted among the children aged four and below found that children of low income families hear 30 million less words than their rich and middle income counterparts for obvious reasons. The study assumed that the #primary_care givers and the family members are responsible for the vocabulary development of the children and the word gap is the primary driver of the reading and writing discrepancies of the children in these groups. This study was conducted among the poor, working class and middle class professional families of USA. Recently, a study on similar lines was conducted among the children of black and white communities from low income and the working class families.

The study has also included #children_of_middle_class whites and brushed aside the existence of such word gap among the children in #low_income_communities. Although parents and primary care givers interact with kids during the formative years, children learn a lot by over hearing the conversations in the neighborhood, within the peer group and of course from the older siblings in the family. Sperry and colleagues will be publishing this study in the Journal of ‘#Child_Development’ soon. The latest study observes that ‘it is time to revise the older beliefs on the language and #vocabulary_development of children in USA’. A similar study on diversified Asian and African societies may throw light on the early #childhood_language_development in these communities. After all language is culture specific and varies from culture to culture.

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