Electronic waste or e-Waste now-a-days is one of the most rapidly growing stream of pollution in the world. The fact is that, we don’t even realize that the loads of gadgets or electronic junk we use in our daily lives are actually a waste which could harm the whole environment in future.People find it very difficult or lifeless without these gadgets being used in their daily routine. The most common e-wastes are mobile phones, television sets, refrigerators, washing machines, watches, ipods, tube lights, ceiling fans, air conditions, flash drives, discarded computers, office electronic equipment and many more.So, how many of us are aware of it?
In a survey last year, 51.12% of respondents said they are aware of legislation criminalizing the abandonment of e-waste, while 48.88% were unaware. This time, the percentage of those aware of the laws has risen to 55.86% and the percentage of those unaware has dropped to 44.14%.
How much e-waste is produced each year?
The estimated amount of e-waste generated on the planet every year (20-50 million tons) put into containers on a train would go at least once around the world.
What are the effects of e-wastes on environment and the solutions to reduce the e-waste?
· Adverse Effects of e-Waste due to Chemical Compounds:
Nickel (Ni): skin damages and asthma , lung damages, carcinogen, enter environment through air
Antimony (Sb): eye and skin irritation, hair loss, lung and heart damages, and fertility problems
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDE): Cause anemia, damages to the skin, liver, stomach and thyroid, risk for pregnant women, drip & contaminate water, Contaminates the food chain
Tetra Bromo Bisphenol-A (TBBPA): mutations or carcinogen effects, toxic to aquatic organisms, and damages to the endocrine
Polybrominated Biphenyls (PBB): damage kidneys, liver, thyroids, and passes along the food chain
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers(PBDE): Thyroxin, damaging the endocrine system, thyroid damages
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC): Destroy the ozone layer
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC): Damages animal kidney
Arsenic (As): carcinogen, causes Skin & lung cancer
Barium (Br): Gastrointestinal disorder & muscle weakness change in heartbeat rate paralysis ,death ,eye, and accumulate in aquatic organism
Beryllium (Be): Inhalation cause pneumonia respiratory inflammation, lung cancer and insoluble in water
Cadmium (Cd): Lung damage & death ,kidney damage, carcinogenic, absorbed by plants
·There are 3 solutions to reduce electronic waste:
ü ReduceTags: carcinogenic, Gastrointestinal disorder