Anorexia nervosa is a psychological disorder. It is usually referred to as eating disorder. This disorder often occurs in females compared to males. This disorder develops in children and young adults. The cause of the disease is not known exactly but research is being conducted to estimate the causes.Some of the causes may be the genetic content, hypothalamus dysfunction and chemicals imbalance in the brain. Psychological factors play an important role in establishing the disorder. The causes of psychological factors may be the child abuse or the desire to look thin.

The disorder can be diagnosed in individual who show excessive interest in maintaining diet, and individual who show fear of weight gaining even though he/she is underweight and hormonal imbalance. The symptoms of the disorder include excessive weight loss leading to reduced self esteem, individual becomes irritated and will have difficulty in interacting with others and decrease in concentration. Other psychological problems also occur.

The complications can occur including gastrointestinal complications, imbalance in hormones and kidney problems. Olanzapine, risperidone and quetiapine were used as medications as they act as mood stabilizers. Death is common in individuals with this type of disorder as cardiac arrest and imbalance in electrolytes are more common.

Tags: ,