Kidneys are located on either side of the spines. These are the bean shaped organs, which help in excretion of excess water and waste products in the body. Kidneys process 200 litres of blood every day. Kidneys regulate the mineral levels in the body. Kidneys produce some hormones required by the body which includes vitamin D, rennin and erythropoietin.

Chronic kidney disease is caused by kidney’s dysfunction, resulting in increase in the levels of waste products, water and other toxic substances within the body. Kidney’s dysfunction causes anaemia, increase in blood pressure, bone diseases. Chronic kidney disease is divided into 5 stages based on severity. In Stage 5, the kidney loses its function completely, in which, there is accumulation of more levels of waste products. The patient at this stage has to undergone with dialysis or transplantation for his/her survival.

Older age, hypertension, diabetes are some of the reasons for chronic kidney disease. The symptoms of chronic kidney disease include less urination, swelling legs, vomiting and bone pain & fractures. Diagnosis can be done by urine, blood tests and imaging tests.

Care should be taken to decrease the chronic kidney diseases. The patient should follow strict food habits, which include fewer intakes of protein, limit salt content, limit intake of fluids and fewer intakes of some minerals (potassium, phosphorus) and avoid medications that are toxic to kidney.

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