Endangered Marine Ecosystem: Cause for Serious Environmental Concern of the Globe

Despite the search for the exoplanet continued unabated, there are no evidences of finding an alternate to the planet earth in the entire universe so far, as the Earth has got several distinct features suitable for the survival of plants, animals and microbes. The biodiversity present on the earth is massive that it is not an exaggeration to state that there is no second home for the human and the other living organism.

Endangered Marine EcosystemThe hectic human activity is creating chaos and the debate on the climate change came to the fore front for the first time on a massive scale during the ‘Earth Summit’ in the year 1992 at the Brazilian city Rio De Janeiero. Ever since that time the debate on the undue changes on the Earth’s climate due to anthropogenic activity is on and the awareness is spreading gradually. Yet, the catastrophe did not stop. The panoramic and rare forms of life in the marine waters started vanishing to the extent that the damage is irrecoverable. For quite some time, the scientists and the environmental researchers are warning about the coral bleaching. Corals reef ecosystem is so diversified that they are home for Zooxanthellae, algae and seagrasses. These plants provide food and oxygen to the animals that live on the reef. Seagrasses is the habitat for juvenile reef animals like conch and lobster. As a result of rising marine water temperature, coral reeves are completely bleached threatening the very existence of the marine life. The Great Barrier Reef of Australia for example is worst affected, causing massive revenue and employment loss. The Great Barrier Reeves have withstood the erosion and climate changes over the decades. Yet, the current happenings are so dramatic and long lasting, which are irreparable.  This would for sure is going to threaten the future of the iconic ecosystems and the livelihoods of many millions of people.

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Posted by Sciences Blog - 09/01/2018 at 14:04

Categories: Marine Science Research   Tags:

Finally, the Secrets of How the Stars Formed Unveiled!

StarsHave you ever wondered looking at the clear dark night sky brightly lit with numerous stars about their origin? There is no age bar to get inspiration from  the borderless sky, mysterious clouds, the moon and the stars as we all grow from childhood to adulthood listening multiple stories on how clouds produces images and the stars share fortunes ( the good, bad and the worst). For the first time in the annals of astronomical history, researchers are able to unearth the birth secrets of the stars in the galaxies. Each galaxy may have tens, thousands and millions of stars and there is no count. They are loaded with abundant energy, capable of nurturing and nourishing life on the planets (The Sun of course is a star in the Milky Way galaxy).

For decades, we don’t know how the stars are originating until the day a paper published recently unveiling the secrets. Accordingly, the young galaxies produce stars at a rapid phase for some time and it cease to produce anymore once it evolves completely. Each galaxy has a super massive black hole that is trillion times massive than our Sun.  The black hole’s presence can be known through its gravitation effect. Its galactic nucleus pumps in energetic radiation capable of powering the ability of the galaxy to produce stars. Once the energetic power center ceased to produce energy by heating and dispelling the gas that would the stars would not be produced anymore. Here comes the end of the story. You got it?

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Posted by Sciences Blog - 04/01/2018 at 10:24

Categories: OMICS   Tags:

Over Eating Food Supplements add to Body Weight

The citizens of the information age are well informed about the health as the detailed information is pouring in from across the nook and the corners of the globe. At a time when the obesity and overweight is turning to be a global pandemic, advices related to nutritious diet and physical activities are on rise through the traditional media like TV and newspapers and digital media, the Internet. “Although the expert nutritionists and the vitamin D deficiencydieticians are roped in for this purpose, the readers and followers still need to very cautious in taking them on their face value”, warn the scientists.  Irrespective of the geographical region we are living in, vitamin deficiency is order of the day today. Despite abundant Sun light, even the tropical countries of the world are experiencing vitamin D deficiency. Food supplements in the form of protein bars, and pills to bridge this gap. As long as the protein bars are consumed well within the limits, there is no harm. Researchers are warning that although protein bars helpful, health snacks are potentially accumulated fats equal to hamburgers. Health snacks are not free from preservatives like artificial colors, sweeteners, thickeners, oils and fats which can contribute to high cholesterol, despite the muscle benefits a person may gain, Fenton explained. A detailed study on 50 popular health snacks revealed the presence of protein, carbohydrate, fats and sugar, which may add weight to the body.  Despite the contribution in the form of proteins health snacks are lacking in amino acids, the necessary ingredients for the healthy body and mind. AS per the nutritionists, daily intake of 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight is enough and in an average, a healthy man needs 56 grams and woman needs 46 grams per day.

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Posted by Sciences Blog - 27/12/2017 at 10:05

Categories: Nutrition & Food Sciences, OMICS   Tags: , , ,

Eliminating the Social Stigma is the First Step in the fight against HIV

The extended family of Pooja (identity changed) deserted her in an orphanage home in India when she was five years old as she is HIV infected by birth. Her family members don’t want to run the risk of becoming social outcasts as a result of the child hence they thought of getting rid of her forever. The child at present in her adolescent age is fighting it bravely as she has learned to live with it. She owes that she wants to demonstrate to the world that HIV affected are also great achievers by electing to civil services.  Although she could not win the family support, she was not the lone sufferer as many other children and adolescent in the home have also joined the fight against HIV collectively and they are determined to overcome it.

fight against HIV21 year old Niyomee of Nigeria inherited HIV from her parents who did not let her know about it until she was 12 years old.  On joining a youth supporting group in her community, she heard about it for the first time and she was told that HIV can be transmitted through sexual intercourse alone. On realizing her status, she blamed her mother for health condition. However, her mother and the entire youth group in the community stood by her and helped her to get out of the feeling that she is a loser. At a time when there is no complete cure for HIV et, these patients can be trained well to cope with the stress, trauma and emerge as winners against the social discrimination.

The world HIV awareness day was observed on 1st December globally to create awareness on this communicable, infectious disease, which can be prevented but cannot be cured completely. Despite the euphoric and hectic activity on HIV/AIDS certain thing remained unanswered for ages. No doubt, the HIV rates are declining globally. Having said this, the communities are not completely free from the HIV menace. According to the UNAIDS, 36.7 million individuals are living with HIV/AIDS, in which 2.1 million of them were children by 2016. An estimated 1.8 million new cases are added to the list every year is causing serious concern.  At least 5000 new cases are added every day is a matter of serious concern for the policy makers and healthcare providers.

Apart from seeking the medical care, families, communities, activist groups and NGOs should stand by the side of HIV infected to communicate strongly and clearly that mere socialization wouldn’t infect you with HIV. Lets us speak loud and clear that HIV affected deserves parental caring and descent living.

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Posted by Sciences Blog - 15/12/2017 at 06:46

Categories: HIV: Current Research   Tags:

Promising Research could Detect Alzheimer’s Disease Early

alzheimers diseaseAround 50 million people globally have developed Alzheimer’s disease and with the aging of population, several parts of the globe are facing the threat of severe memory loss and the related behavioral symptoms, causing concerns of public health issues across societies. With a simple reading test that the scientists have developed recently, it is possible to detect whether or not a person is at Alzheimer’s risk. Delay in processing written words and sentences are a warning that they may develop Alzheimer’s within the next 3 years to come. A team of researchers at the University of Birmingham have developed a device that could map the way the brain responds if the individuals are exposed to words on a computer screen. Those who are late in identifying the words may develop this problem. Although language will be affected only in the later stages of the onset of the disease, the scientists have accidentally noticed that the brain happen to lost the language comprehension abilities. The network of neurons connected with the brain is unable to process information and the individual cells that stop functioning would die eventually, leading to memory loss. It affects the human’s ability to think and analyze facts and figures and cues in the environment they live. A significant portion of the brain will shrink, reducing its volume, called as atrophy and researchers have identified the important proteins and the biomarkers that denote the onset of Alzheimers disease. Personalized medication and support should be identified with a separate strategy to overcome the issue on individual basis.

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Posted by Sciences Blog - 22/11/2017 at 06:03

Categories: Alzheimer's Disease & Parkinsonism   Tags:

Playing too much video game? Here is a bit of important news for you!

Are you fond of playing action packed video games regularly? A must read item here for you. There are many studies that may be pro or against video gaming. However, this latest study Universities de Montreal provides scientific facts to believe.

The general perception towards video games is that they are interactive and hence they improve cognitive skills of the player by boosting their brain cells. For a habitual player, it is going to be more harmful than useful, as the action games erase the grey matter in the hippocampus, primarily responsible for the cognitive skills. Hippocampus retains the spatial as well as the past experiences and put them in sequence, also known as episodic memory.

Striatum that acts as a counter balance to hippocampus reminds people about what they should eat and drink and when should they do it? It’s an autopilot that constantly reminds us of our activities and keeps us happy. A study conducted among 100 video players that played it for 90 hours revealed that the players are relying heavily on Striatum to chase the barriers and to achieve their goals. This would weaken the hippocampus, killing its cells and atrophies leading to reduction in the grey matter.  The decreased grey matter induces the brain disorders like Alzheimer’s, dementia, depression or Schizophrenia.

Girls and guys! Beware of The video games. Take more vitamin c rich fruits, berries, nuts and egg to boost your brain power than playing video games.
Related Articles: https://www.scitechnol.com/neuroscience-and-psychology-journals.php

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Posted by Sciences Blog - 12/08/2017 at 11:19

Categories: Neurology & Physiology, OMICS   Tags:

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